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             Welcome to the city of thousand temples. Kancheepuram district is situated on the northern East Coast of Tamil Nadu and is adjacent by Bay of Bengal and Chennai city and is bounded in the west by Vellore and Thiruvannamalai district, in the north by Thiruvallur district and Chennai district, in the south by Villuppuram district in the east by Bay of Bangal. It lies between 11 00' to 12 00’ North latitudes and 77 28' to 78 50' East longitudes. The district has a total geographical area of 4393.37  Sq.Kms and coastline of 57 Kms. Kancheepuram, the temple town is the district headquarters. For administrative reasons, the district has been divided into 4 revenue divisions comprising of 11 taluks with 1137 revenue villages. For development reasons, it is divided into 13 development blocks with 648 Village Panchayats.

Population Details

 

            According to 2001 census, the District  had population of 30.38 lakh, which is about 6.76% of the total State population. In 1991 census the total population of the District was 24,15,010 Lakhs, in which 12,30,650 were Male & 11,84,360 were Female. In rural 14,29,610 & in Urban it was  9,85,400.

 

 Area Distribution

 

Total Area

4393.37 Sq.Kms.

Net Sown Area

1364.89 Sq.Kms.

      Net Irrigation Area         1236.28 Sq.Kms.
         Forest Area          426.57 Sq.Kms.

Poromboke Area

1553.47 Sq.Kms.

Town Area

82.57 Sq.Kms.

 

 Scheduled Caste & Scheduled Tribes Population

 

Category

Rural

Urban

Total

Scheduled Caste

563.37

295.71

859.08

Scheduled Tribe

20.70

10.68

31.38

 

 Workers

 

            The total main workers of the District was 8,92,700 persons forming 38.06% of total population in the District. Of this, 6,65,386 were male workers & 2,73,518 were Female workers & 5,86,533 were from rural & 3,52,371 were from Urban & 1,62,140 were of cultivators & 2,96,212 of Agricultural labourers & 39,571 of Household industry and rest in other activities.  

 

 Growth Rate

 

Population Growth per Annum

2.48%

Population Density (Persons/Sq.Km)

592.00

Percentage of Workers against Total Population

38.06%

 

 Birth & Death Rate

 

 Type 

Rural

Urban

Combined

Birth Rate(Per 1000 Population)

20.6

16.6

19.6

Death Rate(Per 1000 Population)

6.0

4.3

5.6

Infant Mortality Rate (Per 1000 Live Births)

30.0

19.0

27.0

 

 Literacy

  Literacy

66.38 %

Male Literacy

77.07 %

Female Literacy

55.22 %

Urban Literacy

79.41 %

Urban male Literacy

87.45 %

Urban Female Literacy

70.83 %

Rural Literacy

55.55 %

Rural Male Literacy

87.45 %

Rural Female Literacy

42.51 %

 Education

Total Literate

2648.10

Rural Literate

1210.39

Rural Literate - Male

752.83

Rural Literate - Female

457.56

Urban Literate

1437.71

Urban Literate - Male

817.45

Urban Literate - Female

620.26

 Climate

Season

Maximum

Minimum

Summer

36.6 C

21.1 C

Winter

28.7 C

19.8 C

 

 Rainfall


            
The pre-monsoon rainfall is almost uniform throughout the district. The coastal taluks get more rains rather than the interior regions. This district is mainly depending on the seasonal rains, the distress conditions prevail in the event of the failure of rains. Northeast and Southwest monsoon are the major donors with 54% and 36% contribution each to the total annual rainfall.

Normal

1213.3 mm

Actual

1133.0 mm

 

 Agriculture


            
Agriculture is the main occupation of the people with 47% of the population engaged in it.Paddy is the major crop cultivated in this district. Groundnuts, Sugarcane, Cereals & Millets and Pulses are the other major crops.

Type of Soil

Places in District

Read Loam

Kancheepuram, Uthiramerur Blocks

Lateritic Soil

Pleatus in the district

Black Soil

Spread in all Blocks

Sandy Coastal Alluviam

Some Places Thirukazhukundram,Thiruporur, St.ThomasMount.

Red Sandy Soil

Kancheepuram, Urban Blocks

 

Classification

Area in(Hectares)

Total Cropped Area

198543

Nett Area Sown

160090

Area sown more than once

38453

Area Under Principal Crops

Rice

145966

Millets and Cereals

1217

Pulses

2966

Sugarcane

7586

Groundnut

28766

Gingelly

912

Cotton(BL)

53

 

 Forest

            The total forest area in the district is 23,586 hectares, it spread interior regions and around the district. In this forest area there are 366.675 hectares for Reserved Land. 76.50 Metric Tonnes lands are cultivated in Fuelwood and 8.039 Tonnes in Cashew.

 Rivers

 

           The Palar river is one of the most important river running through the district. Tanks and wells are the main sources of irrigation in this district.

 

 Hills

 

             There are only a few hills of considerable elevation in the district. The southern part of Maduranthakam taluk contains small hills.

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