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District Profile

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Welcome to the city of thousand temples

Kancheepuram district is situated on the northern East Coast of Tamil Nadu and is adjacent by Bay of Bengal and Chennai city and is bounded in the west by Vellore and Thiruvannamalai district, in the north by Thiruvallur district and Chennai district, in the south by Villuppuram district in the east by Bay of Bangal. It lies between 11° 00' to 12° 00’ North latitudes and 77° 28' to 78° 50' East longitudes. The district has a total geographical area of 4393.37 Sq.Kms and coastline of 87.2 Kms. Kancheepuram, the temple town is the district headquarters. For administrative reasons, the district has been divided into 4 revenue divisions comprising of 13 taluks with 1137 revenue villages. For development reasons, it is divided into 13 development blocks with 633 Village Panchayats.

POPULATION DETAILS

According to 2011 census, the District had population of 39.99 lakh, which is about 5.53% of the total State population. The total population of the District was 39,98,252 in which 20,12,958 were Male and 19,85,294 were Female. In rural 14,59,916 and in Urban it was 25,38,336.

AREA DISTRIBUTION

Total Area 4393.37 Sq.Kms.
Net Sown Area 1364.89 Sq.Kms.
Net Irrigation Area 1236.28 Sq.Kms.
Forest Area 426.57 Sq.Kms.
Poromboke Area 1553.47 Sq.Kms
Town Area 82.57 Sq.Kms.

Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribes Population

Category Rural Urban Total
Scheduled Caste 1,34,451 96,803 2,31,254
Scheduled Tribe 6,707 3,456 10,163

Workers

The total main workers of the District was 16,73,814 persons forming 41.9% of total population in the District. Of this, 11,81,308 were male workers and 4,92,506 were Female workers and 6,78,251 were from rural and 9,95,563 were from Urban and 89,343 were of cultivators and 2,72,514 of Agricultural labourers and 54,732 of Household industry and rest in other activities ie 12,57,225.

Growth Rate

Decadal Population Growth (2001-2011) 38.69 %
Population Density (Persons/Sq.Km) 927
Percentage of Workers against Total Population 41.9%

Birth and Death Rate

Type Rural Urban Combined
Birth Rate(Per 1000 Population) 20.6 16.6 19.6
Death Rate(Per 1000 Population) 6.0 4.3 5.6
Infant Mortality Rate (Per 1000 Live Births) 30.0 19.0 27.0

Literacy

Area Total Male Female
Rural 73.60 % 84.18 % 68.96%
Urban 90.25 % 93.85 % 86.60 %
Total 85.29 % 90.34 % 80.17 %

Education

Area Total Male Female
Rural 10,01,425 5,52,540 4,48,885
Urban 20,64,374 10,81,574 9,82,800
Total 30,65,799

Climate

Season Maximum Minimum
Summer 36.6° C 21.1° C
Winter 28.7° C 19.8° C

Rainfall

The pre-monsoon rainfall is almost uniform throughout the district. The coastal taluks get more rains rather than the interior regions. This district is mainly depending on the seasonal rains, the distress conditions prevail in the event of the failure of rains. Northeast and Southwest monsoon are the major donors with 54% and 36% contribution each to the total annual rainfall.

Normal 1213.3 mm
Actual 1133.0 mm

Agriculture

Agriculture is the main occupation of the people with 47% of the population engaged in it.Paddy is the major crop cultivated in this district. Groundnuts, Sugarcane, Cereals and Millets and Pulses are the other major crops.

Type of Soil Places in District
Read Loam Kancheepuram, Uthiramerur Blocks
Lateritic Soil Pleatus in the district
Black Soil Spread in all Blocks
Sandy Coastal Alluviam Some Places Thirukazhukundram,Thiruporur, St.ThomasMount.
Red Sandy Soil Kancheepuram, Urban Blocks
Classification Area in(Hectares)
Total Cropped Area 198543
Nett Area Sown 160090
Area sown more than once 38453
Area Under Principal Crops
Rice 145966
Millets and Cereals 1217
Pulses 2966
Sugarcane 7586
Groundnut 28766
Gingelly 912
Cotton(BL) 53

Forest

The total forest area in the district is 23,586 hectares, it spread interior regions and around the district. In this forest area there are 366.675 hectares for Reserved Land. 76.50 Metric Tonnes lands are cultivated in Fuelwood and 8.039 Tonnes in Cashew.

Rivers

The Palar river is one of the most important river running through the district. Tanks and wells are the main sources of irrigation in this district.

Hills

There are only a few hills of considerable elevation in the district. The southern part of Maduranthakam taluk contains small hills.